HomeСonferenceХ International Conference. MONITORING OF NUCLEAR TESTS AND THEIR CONSEQUENCESMEMORANDUM Х International Conference “Monitoring of Nuclear Tests and Their Consequences”

MEMORANDUM Х International Conference “Monitoring of Nuclear Tests and Their Consequences”

MEMORANDUM

Х International Conference “Monitoring of Nuclear Tests and Their Consequences”

09.08.2018

Almaty, Kazakhstan

During the period from 06 till 10 of August, 2018, X International Conference “Monitoring of Nuclear Tests and Their Consequences” was held in Kazakhstan on the premises of the Institute of Geophysical Research of the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The hosts of the conference were Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan (ME RK), Institute of Geophysical Research ME RK, Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization, NORSAR Norwegian center, Committee on Atomic Energy of France, Institute of Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Geophysics of Siberian Branch RAS, Institute of Geosphere Dynamics RAS, International Scientific and Technical Center.

The intricacy of the conference is in the fact that it was held on the threshold of International Day Against Nuclear Tests, celebrated based on UN resolution and Kazakhstan’s initiative, on the date of closing of the Semipalatinsk Test Site, August 29, 1991.

Scientists and specialists from 13 countries (Belarus, Great Britain, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Norway, Mongolia, Russia, USA, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, France), four international organizations – Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), International Seismology Center (ISC), International Association on Seismology and Physics of the Earth Interior (IASPEI), International Scientific and Technical Center (ISTC) participated; they represented in total around 40 organizations. Among organizations-participants are: Air Force Technical Appliances Center (AFTAC), Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, University of Columbia, USA (LDEO), Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Committee on Atomic Energy of France (CEA/DASE), NORSAR Norwegian Center, Center of Geophysical Monitoring of National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (NASB), Institute of Geosphere Dynamics of Russian Academy of Science (IGD RAS), Federal Research Center “United Geophysical Survey of Russian Academy of Science (DRC GS RAS), Research Institute of Physics of the Earth RAS (IPE RAS), Institute of Geology and Mineralogy of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Science (IGM SB RAS), Institute of Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Geophysics of Siberian Branch RAS (ICM&MG SB RAS), Voronezh, Novosibirsk State Universities, Novosibirsk State Technical University, North-Ossetian Branch of Geophysical Survey RAS, Research station RAS in Bishkek, Institute of Geophysical Research of Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan (RSE IGR), Institute of Seismology of National Academy of Science of Kyrgyz Republic, Institute of Seismology of Academy of Science of the Republic of Uzbekistan (IS AS RU) and others. In total, 82 scientists and specialists participated in the conference.

By the beginning of the conference, 72 reported papers’ theses were published; Vestnik NNC RK was published, which included the first part – 28 presentations.

63 presentations (including poster ones) were presented at 4 sessions of the conference from approximately 190 authors:

1. Operational readiness advancement of the CTBT verification system (13 presentations).

2. Improving the efficiency in studying the sources of events (18 presentations).

3. The study of nuclear explosions consequences and on-site inspection (14 presentations).

4. The use of nuclear monitoring systems and data for civil and scientific purposes (18 presentations).

The papers were presented under the management of 12 chairmen and co-chairmen of the sessions.

During the conference a technical tour was held to the Data Center of the Institute of Geophysical Research.

On the sidelines of the conference there was a number of meetings with project participants: ISTC (on assessment of seismic hazard of Central Asia using historical bulletins of seismic stations); with NORSAR (on merging of different organizations and localization of events in 1support of monitoring of earthquakes and explosions), with AFTACT (on digitizing of archive historic seismograms).

There were excursions held for sightseeing tour in Almaty, to Medeo landmark and Almarasanskoe creek.

The following has been noted:

1. X International Conference “Monitoring of Nuclear Tests and Their Consequences” was held on the threshold of “International Day Against Nuclear Tests” celebrated based on UN resolution and Kazakhstan’s initiative on the date of closing of the Semipalatinsk Test Site on August 29, 1991. The Conference allowed to cover the status and advancement of the Preparatory Commission of the Provisional Technical Secretariat of CTBTO and national organizations of a number of States-Participants of the Treaty in the development of scientific and technical support of international nuclear safety.

2. During the time passed from the previous conference in 2016, DPRK carried out two nuclear tests: in 2016 and 2017. The International Monitoring System of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization effectively responded to these tests, showing the readiness of verification regime to provide operative, independent and reliable data on nuclear tests. As of July, 2018, 90% from 337 IMS objects was created. Construction of hydro-acoustic network has been completed; development and testing of stations of next generation noble gas is in place. In 2017, the second phase of IDC upgrade was completed (RP2), main documentation for national use has been prepared. The readiness level of processing methods was increased for the purposes of improving the quality of automatic bulletin. In January, 2018, a construction of a new stationery premises for storage and maintenance of equipment for On-site Inspection has been started. In June 2017, the sixth conference “CTBT: Science and Technology” was held, where the main focus was on monitoring of nuclear explosions in global context as well as creation of CTBTO Youth Group.

Besides the CTBTO stations network and International Data Center (IDC), control of implementation of nuclear tests and earthquakes is successfully carried out by national stations networks and national data centers. Timeliness of obtaining the information products in IDC and NDC as well as discovery of weak events have risen.

3. Presented papers showed significant thematic range of research, dynamicity and high productivity of works implemented during the last years on nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear safety in support of control system created by CTBTO:

– national observation stations networks and information exchange among them have been expanded;

- observation technologies and new approaches in monitoring data processing and recognition of the events’ nature based on monitoring data were further developed (CTBTO, AFTAC, CEA/DASE, LDEO, ICM&MG SB RAS, Roorkie Indian Institute of Technology, GS RAS, RSE IGR, Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics of Mongolian Academy of Science and others);

- research on infrasound monitoring were significantly developed (CTBTO, CEA/DASE, Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics of Mongolian Academy of Science, RSE IGR);

- new data on post-explosion processes occurring in geological medium, seismic consequences of nuclear arms tests at the Semipalatinsk Test Site were obtained (IGD RAS, IGM SB RAS, RSE IGR, RSE NNC RK);

- as in previous years the data obtained by nuclear tests monitoring system were used for civil purposes – to study the seismic hazard, to study the geodynamic processes during preparation of earthquakes, to study geological structure, etc. Consideration of an experience in using data to provide seismic safety for NPP sites and other responsible nuclear and civil facilities was continued at the Conference (Geophysical Center of Russian Academy of Science, IGD RAS, NASB, Voronezh State University, RSE IGR);

2- for the first time the idea was discussed on creating a single database on seismic events for the Central Asian region with joint efforts of NORSAR and national research centers of Central Asia – Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and others.

4. However, there is a range of unsolved and new issues for their study by the scientists from various countries and presentation of their results at the next conference:

- systematic accumulation of seismic and infrasound information (up to 30 thous. events per year) raises an issue on a more active, regular and wider attraction of these data for special research

– based on the assessment of seismic hazard of individual territories, on re-consideration of maps of seismic zoning, study of dilatancy zones, study of regularities of earthquakes preparation, etc.

- covering the results of consequences of underground nuclear explosions implementation is virtually limited with the examples on STS, Kazakhstan. Still, there is lack of presentations on nuclear test sites of the US, France, China, India, Pakistan and others, as well as integrity of assessment of research results.

5. Participants of the conference deem the following necessary:

5.1. Express gratitude to the Preparatory Commission of CTBTO for its support and participation in the Conference.

5.2. Note a special contribution of NORSAR organization, which in September has its 50- years’ anniversary on monitoring of nuclear tests ban, expands research in new fields – on seismic hazard and risks, as well as provides support to Kazakhstan and other countries in Central Asia in training and research programs.

5.3. Express approval to the organizations, scientists and specialists conducting research in the field of nuclear tests monitoring technologies and study of their consequences, developing various issues connected in this rather new field of research.

5.4. Support NORSAR’s idea on creating a network of young professionals (in addition to the one created in 2017, CTBTO Youth Group) as a new possibility for the youth to actively and highly professionally solve CTBTO tasks and effectively ensure gradual change of generations in the teams that work on CTBT issues.

5.5. Support the idea on expansion and activation of works on saving and digitizing of historical archive records of nuclear explosions and creation of database with general access for researchers in various countries.

5.6. Support the idea on creating On-Site Inspection Center in Kurchatov, Kazakhstan, to use unique real post-explosion conditions of the Semipalatinsk Test Site when training inspectors, testing technologies and equipment for control.

6. Recommend the scientific community to focus on the following issues:

- integration of various technologies for the development of a scientific base of nuclear tests monitoring, earthquakes and other potential threats;

- maintenance and digitization of historical archives of nuclear explosions records and creation of databases with general access;

- expansion of a civil application of systems and nuclear tests monitoring data for early warning of strong earthquakes, planning and control the safety of atomic and civil facilities to avoid emergency situations;

- study of modern geo-ecological and radiation consequences of nuclear tests’ consequences at various tests sites of the world and in places of implementation of so called “peaceful nuclear tests”.

7. Consider the work of the conference successful. Express gratitude to the authors for their beneficial presentations and to organizations for their assistance in participation at the Conference. Note high scientific and technical level of presented papers and mutual respect of the participants. Taking into consideration methodological and practical value of presented works, publish full presentations in Vestnik NNC RK. Recommend inclusion of Vestnik NNC RK into international bases.

8. Note a great organization work on implementation of the Conference by the Institute of Geophysical Research of the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, express gratitude to its administration and employees.

9. Hold XI International Conference “Monitoring of Nuclear Tests and Their Consequences” in 2020 to discuss new results and scientific and technical achievements for the period of up to 2020.

Memorandum carried unanimously.

Almaty, 09.08.2018

 

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